According to the United Nations, more than one million people have fled Sudan into the states that border it because people inside the country are running out of food and dying due to lack healthcare acess due to the conflict that has been going on for four months.
The fighting between the Sudanese army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) has wreaked havoc on the capital city of Khartoum and triggered ethnically motivated attacks in Darfur. This has the potential to plunge Sudan into a protracted civil war and destabilize the region.
“The window of opportunity for farmers to sow the seeds of the crops that will feed them and their neighbors is rapidly closing. There is shortage of medical supplies. In a joint statement, the UN agencies voiced their concern that the situation is rapidly escalating out of control.
The war has caused 1,017,449 people to cross from Sudan into neighboring countries, many of which are already struggling with the effects of the impact of conflicts or economic crises, while the number of people who have been displaced within Sudan is estimated to number 3,433,025, according to the most recent weekly figures published by the United Nations’ International Organization for Migration (IOM).
In April, fighting broke out in Sudan as a result of tensions related to a planned transition to civilian control. This has put citizens in the capital city and other parts of the country at danger of daily clashes and attacks.
The millions of people who have remained in Khartoum and the cities in the Darfur and Kordofan areas have been subjected to widespread theft as well as extended blackouts of power, communications, and water services.
Despite the fact that “the remains of many of those killed have not been collected, identified, or buried,” according to Elizabeth Throssell, spokesperson for the High Commissioner for Human Rights, who appeared at a briefing in Geneva, the United Nations estimates that more than 4,000 people have been killed.
According to an official with the United Nations Population Fund named Laila Baker, the number of reported sexual assaults has grown by fifty percent.
According to a statement released by the national electricity authority, significant portions of the country have been without power since Sunday as a result of an electrical outage that has also rendered mobile network service unavailable.
As a result of the difficulties that have been faced by the people, the deputy leader of the sovereign council has stated that “at the end of the day, this war will end at a negotiating table.” This statement has been interpreted by some commentators as indicating a possible shift in the position that the army has regarding the fight.
Agar stated that the current state of affairs required the establishment of a caretaker administration in order to both rebuild and provide necessary services.
General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the head of the Egyptian Army, delivered a speech on Monday in which he accused the Revolutionary Solidarity Front of wanting “to take the country back to an era before the modern state” and “committing every crime that can be imagined.”
The Revolutionary Socialist Front (RSF) has leveled the accusation that the army is attempting to reclaim full control under the guidance of loyalists of Omar al-Bashir, the dictator who was deposed in 2019 as a result of a popular revolt.
The United States and Saudi Arabia have been leading efforts to broker a truce in the ongoing conflict; however, these efforts have faltered, and humanitarian organizations are having a difficult time providing aid due to insecurity, looting, and bureaucratic difficulties.