Scientists are focusing on the contributions of mitochondria in brain health!

One of the most important encounters in the history of life took place, long before the earliest animals swam through the water-covered surface of Earth’s ancient past. Our oldest ancestor engulfed a primitive bacterium, a solo, free-floating cell. The two fused to form a mutually beneficial relationship, more than billions of years that lasted. The latter providing a comfortable and safe home, and the former becoming a powerhouse, fueling the processes necessary to maintain life.

To date, this is the best hypothesis for how the mitochondria (organelles) or cellular components came to be. Within the body today, trillions of these bacterial descendants live, churning out ATP, the molecular energy source that sustains our cells. Despite being inextricably integrated into the human body, remnants of their bacterial past are carried by mitochondria, such as their own set of DNA.

These features make mitochondria both a potential source of problems and a critical element of our cells. Mitochondrial DNA harbors mutations. Mitochondria’s many functions are disrupted by age, stress, and other factors, and molecules can be released by the mitochondrial injury similar to that made by bacteria. They can be mistaken by the immune system as foreign invaders, triggering a harmful inflammatory response against own body cell.

There is one organ in the body that is vulnerable to mitochondrial damage is the brain. According to Andrew Moehlman, a postdoctoral researcher who studies neurodegeneration at the US National Institute of NINDS, “The more energetically demanding a cell is, the more mitochondria they have, and the more critical that mitochondria health is — so there’s more potential for things to go wrong.” Each neuron can have up to 2 million mitochondria, according to some estimates.

Now many scientists are focusing on the contributions of mitochondria in brain health. Studies in lab animals and humans suggest these organelles could be the important factors in virtually every type of brain disorder. This includes schizophrenia, depression, autism, Parkinson’s.

Lisa Adamhttp://cronullanews.sydney/
Lisa is a young communications professional with disciplined training and apt exposure. She has been a voice for a number of media houses in the country and overseas. Travel, Technology, Consumer, Real Estate and Healthcare have been his main areas of practice using conventional messaging with effective digital strategies.

Latest articles

Australia: Over 5,000 feral horses culled in Kosciuszko national park

Since the recommencement of aerial shooting in Kosciuszko National Park, more than 5,000 feral horses have been culled, with the NSW environment minister, Penny...

China destroys only major Arabic-style mosque domes

The last major mosque in China to retain Arabic-style features has undergone significant alterations, marking the culmination of a government campaign to "sinicise" the...

Papua New Guinea: Rescue ops start for villagers trapped in deadly landslide

Emergency services are urgently working to reach villages struck by a massive landslide in Papua New Guinea's remote Enga province, where it is feared...

Google to manufacture Pixel phones, drones in India

Tech giant Google is preparing to start manufacturing its Pixel smartphones in India, according to sources familiar with the development who spoke to the...

Related articles