A team of scientists has developed a realistic and colorfully stunning stimulation of what just the beginning of a star’s life looks like. It is called STARFORGE, Star Formation in Gaseous Environments. An entire gas cloud is a model by it that serves as a stellar nursery. It’s the place where stars are born. From this swirling gas cloud, stars form and evolve, showing off the dynamics of this process. Other activities are also there in the model like supernovae, wind, radiation, or the explosions of nearby stars and how they impact the formation of a star.
For viewers, it serves as a beautiful stellar exploration. To better understand the intricacies of star formation, scientists want to use the model. These questions include why stars from in the cluster, why their formation is slow and inefficient, and how their mass is determined. STARFORGE is already helping scientists understand how high-speed jets of gas that form and star formation help determine the stars’ mass.
Without these jets, when stimulation was run, the stars grew too large. The mass of the stars was ten times that of a sun. But when jets were added, more real stars were less than half the sun’s mass.
According to Michael Grudić, co-leader of the research and postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern University’s Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics, “Jets disrupt the inflow of gas toward the star. They essentially blow away gas that would have ended up in the star and increased its mass. People have suspected this might be happening, but by simulating the entire system, we have a robust understanding of how it works.”
Knowing the mass of a star can help scientists understand the other factors like when it will die and brightness. The research that created the model was published on Tuesday in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Michael said for a couple of decades, people have been simulating star formation, but STARFORGE is a quantum leap in technology.